'Amniocentesis' involves ____.

Correct! Wrong!

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Amniocentesis involves the extraction of a sample of cells of the developing embryo which are present in the amniotic fluid, which surrounds the foetus. The chromosomes in these cells are studied to ascertain the presence of any chromosomal disorder and suggest the further mode of action to the parents.

Surgical removalor cutting and ligation of the ends of oviduct is known as

Correct! Wrong!

Sterilization provides a permanent and sure birth control. It is called vasectomy in man and tubectomy in woman.

Spreading awareness about reproductive health among people is being done with the help of the following agencies except

Correct! Wrong!

Animal welfare agencies are concerned with the upkeep of animals in our forests, wild life parks, zoos and other places so as to prevent cruelty against them. They also monitor incidences of violence against pets, animals used in shows and circuses. Hence they are in no way related to spreading awareness about reproductive health among people.

What is the function of copper-T?

Correct! Wrong!

The copper-T is also known as intra-uterine device. It is a loop which is placed in the uterus and prevents fertilization and implantation.

The rate at which new born individuals are joining the population by reproduction is known as

Correct! Wrong!

Number of offsprings produced per unit of population by reproduction is called Natality or birth rate.

Which of the following is not a means of contracting HIV?

Correct! Wrong!

Infection in the case of HIV occurs when the virus in an infected person's blood has some kind of contact with the blood stream of another person who does not have the virus. Shaking hands with an infected person therefore, will not spread the virus to another person. The other options ensure some kind of exposure or contact to help in transfer of the virus from an infected person to the bloodstream of an uninfected person.

Which of the following sets of diseases is not completely curable?

Correct! Wrong!

The other options have diseases which are curable but, in option C the three diseases do not have a cure at present. Hence once infected, these people have to suffer and die.

One of the given options is not a reason for the use of contraceptives.

Correct! Wrong!

Contraceptives are not used for reproductive health. They are outside agencies like objects or chemicals which are introduced into the body. They have their ill effects like nausea, abdominal pain, irregular menstrual bleeding or even breast cancer.

For better survival of the human population which of the following steps is more important?

Correct! Wrong!

Conservation of wild life conserves the ecosystem in its natural form. Future of man depends on ecological balance.

A statuatory ban on amniocentesis has come into force, as ____.

Correct! Wrong!

A statuatory ban has been imposed on amniocentesis because it is being used for determining the sex of the growing foetus thereby leading to increased female foeticide thus disturbing the normal sex ratio between males and females, the outcome of which can disturb the social fabric of the society in the future years to come.

The RCH programmes initiated by the government, stand for ___.

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The present day improved programme covering a wider reproduction related and natal care areas come under one programme Reproductive and Child Health care, to create awareness among people about the ongoing problems in reproductive and child health care.

Which one of the following is most widely accepted method of contraception in India, as at present?

Correct! Wrong!

Intra uterine device (IUD) is a method of contraception in India.

Surrogate mother is used for

Correct! Wrong!

Surrogate mother is woman who bears a baby for another couple.

Medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) is considered safe up to how many weeks of pregnancy.

Correct! Wrong!

Medical termination of pregnancy is considered safe up to twelve weeks of pregnancy.

Tubectomy is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Tubectomy is a surgical method of preventing pregnancy called sterilization in females by cutting and making a surgical block in the fallopian tubes thus preventing the matured ovum from entering the uterus, thus preventing conception.

Use of male and female condoms are a good example of ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Condoms are a form of contraception, wherein a barrier made of rubber and latex prevents the ejaculated semen from entering the female reproductive tract, hence preventing conception.

The mechanical measure of population control includes

Correct! Wrong!

The mechanical measure of population control includes condom (Nirodh), Diaphragm and cervical cap and Intra uterine devices (IUDs).

Surgical removal of uterus is called

Correct! Wrong!

Surgical removal of uterus is called hysterectomy. Vasectomy is surgery of seminaltube, tubectomy is surgery of fallopian tube. Anatomy is the study of internal structure of body.

A childless couple wants to have children. If the female partner is incapable of producing an ovum, which of the following techniques should they opt for?

Correct! Wrong!

Option D is best suited as in the other three methods, it is necessary that the female partner produces the ovum. As the female partner, in this case, does not have the ability to produce an ovum, she has to obtain an ovum from a donor, and this has to be placed in the fallopian tube of the female partner, for fertilisation and development into an embryo.

Which one of the following is tested by the technique of amniocentesis?

Correct! Wrong!

Amniocentesis is a technique used for determining the sex of the foetus and a process to determine any hereditary disease in the embryo.

The method of sterilisation is

Correct! Wrong!

The method of sterilisation is tubectomy (female) or Vasectomy (male).While loop, IUD and diaphragm are temporary way to keep time gap between two children.

A contraceptive pill contains

Correct! Wrong!

A contraceptive pill contains progesterone and estrogen hormone which prevents ovulation and helps in birth control.

Which one among these is not a factor which attributed to population explosion?

Correct! Wrong!

A decline in the number of people in the reproductive age would mean a decrease in the number of babies born which will not be a factor towards increase in population.

Which of the following is a method for birth control?

Correct! Wrong!

Intra utrine devices (Copper MIT) inhibit fertilization and help in birth control.

'Saheli' meaning 'a friend ' in hindi is a ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Saheli' is a new oral contraceptive for females developed by the scientists at the Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India. This indigenous contraceptive has been a success, and has been a means of controlling unwanted pregnancies.

A couple is said to be infertile when ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Couples are not called infertile if they do not have children due to some prior planning or are not prepared to go into parenting due to age or social constraints . However,if a couple is eager to go into parenthood but fail to do so under ordinary circumstances,then this couple is called infertile, as there may be some abnormality in one or both partners.

In amniocentesis, the fluid is taken from

Correct! Wrong!

In amniocentesis, the fluid is taken from amniotic fluid, which is immediate surrounding of foetus.

Medical Termination of Pregnancy does not mean, one of the following, which one?

Correct! Wrong!

Medical termination of pregnancy means to terminate or stop the pregnancy which means, not to allow the fetus to complete full term. Option C goes against the meaning.

The role of ' infertility clinics' is described by the following statements except

Correct! Wrong!

Suggesting techniques of birth control would mean not wanting to have children.Infertility clinics are for those couples who do not have children and want help to have children of their own.

ART refers to ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Assisted Reproductive Technology helps infertile couples who cannot have children due to some disorder in one or both partners. Such couples are assisted to have children through special techniques which are collectively known as ART or Assisted Reproductive Technologies.

Class 12th Biology - 4 Reproductive Health MCQs
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Class 12th Biology - 4 Reproductive Health MCQs