Fats are esters of ____.

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Fats are the esters of fatty acids. When fats are oxidized, they produce more energy.

Niacin deficiency causes ____.

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Niacin deficiency causes Pellagra.

A diet that contains components of food in a rich and large quantity is called a ____.

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A diet that contains components of food in a rich and large quantity according to the state or need of body is called a special diet.

Fresh fruits and vegetables are good sources of ____.

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Fresh fruits and vegetables are good sources of vitamins.

We get water from food like vegetables and ____.

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Water is present in all living organisms. It is essential for plants too. Vegetables and fruits are the products of plants, and contain a large amount of water.

____ are needed in traces or less amount.

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Micro nutrients are the elements or nutrients needed in traces or less amount. These nutrients are required in fewer quantities but these are important in a diet since the body cannot make them.

____ is associated with bone formation.

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Vitamin D is associated with bone formation.

Loss of energy can be compensated by taking ____.

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To compensate the loss of energy, food is required. Thus we take food to gain energy.

It is a good idea, especially for adult women athletes, to have blood haemoglobin regularly checked to detect for a possible deficiency of ____.

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It is a good idea, especially for adult women athletes, to have blood haemoglobin regularly checked to detect for a possible deficiency of iron.

Night–Blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Night –Blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A.

A diet that contains an adequate amount of all the nutrients required for healthy growth and activity is called ____.

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A balanced diet is a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients required for healthy growth and activity.

____ is present in haemoglobin.

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Iron is present in haemoglobin. Haemoglobin helps to carry oxygen to the cells and bring carbon dioxide to lungs.

Oxidation reaction in our body takes place in the presence of ____.

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When oxidation reaction takes place in the presence of enzymes, very little energy is wasted as heat.

Based on solubility, vitamins are mainly of ___ types.

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Vitamins are mainly of two types (a) Fat - soluble vitamins (b) Water - soluble vitamins

____ is characterised by degenerative changes in nerves and muscles and it is caused by deficiency of ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Beriberi, Vitamin B1

A human being must drink a lot of ____ to stay healthy.

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A human being must drink a lot of water to stay healthy. We should drink six to eight glasses of water every day.

Roughage helps in retaining ____ in the body.

Correct! Wrong!

Roughage helps in retaining water in the body.

____ is common among people living in the hilly regions but rare among people living in the coastal regions.

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Goitre is common among people living in the hilly regions but rare among people living in the coastal regions. Goitre is caused by lack of iodine. The soil in hilly regions is deficient in iodine, and hence the food grown here has very little iodine. On the other hand, the people living in coastal regions have access to a lot of sea food which is rich in iodine.

A person eats a diet consisting of predominantly polished rice. He is likely to suffer from ____.

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A person eats a diet consisting of predominantly polished rice. He is likely to suffer from Beriberi. Polished rice lacks vitamin B1 and hence will cause Beriberi.

Children need lots of ____ to grow.

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Proteins are necessary for the growth of the children.

____ makes up more than half our body weight.

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Water makes up more than half body weight. 60 - 70% of our body is because of water.

____ gets easily destroyed by heat during cooking.

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Vitamin C gets easily destroyed by heat during cooking. We know that cooking improves the taste of food and makes it easier to digest but at the same time cooking also results in the loss of certain vitamins.

A person takes a diet consisting of predominantly milk. He is likely to suffer from ____.

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A person eats a diet consisting of predominantly milk. He is likely to suffer from Scurvy. Milk lacks vitamin C and hence will cause this disease.

A pregnant woman needs more ____ .

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A pregnant woman and a lactating mother (mother who suckles her milk to the baby) needs more proteins and vitamins for the developing child.

The deficiency of ____ will result in stunted growth, bulging eyes and oedema.

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The deficiency of proteins will result in stunted growth, bulging eyes and oedema.

Roughage is made of a ____ carbohydrate.

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Roughage is made of a complex carbohydrate.

____ are the sources of roughage.

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Cabbage, corn (mash, i.e., khichari or bhutta) and coarse wheat (dalia) are the sources of roughage. Roughage also contains fruits, vegetables, raw vegetables.

Vitamin K deficiency leads to ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Vitamin K deficiency leads to problems in blood clotting.

____ are necessary for good vision, growth of bones, healthy gums and proper blood clotting.

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Vitamins are necessary for maintenance of the body, they are necessary for good vision, growth of bones, healthy gums and proper blood clotting.

Roughage is also known as ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Roughage is also known as dietary fibres, that is mainly provided by plant products in our foods.

ICSE Class 9th Biology - Nutrition MCQs
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ICSE Class 9th Biology - Nutrition MCQs