ICSE Class 9th Geography 2 – Structure of the Earth MCQs

Coal, natural gas and petroleum are examples of:

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Coal, natural gas and petroleum are examples of fuel.

The shape of a volcano is always a

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The shape of a volcano is triangular, conical and mountainous.

The lithosphere is rugged, flat, a desert or an island. These are called different ____.

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The lithosphere is rugged, flat, a desert or an island. These are called different land forms.

An elevated flat land is called a ____.

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An elevated flat land is called a plateau.

The natural elevations visible to us on the ____ are the mountains, plateaus and hills.

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The natural elevations visible to us on the surface of the earth are the mountains, plateaus and hills.

Gitti, Pitthoo and hopscotch require ____ to play.

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Gitti (five stones), Pitthoo (seven stones) and hopscotch (Stapu/kit kit) require stones to play.

When a river tumbles at steep angles over very hard rocks or moves down a steep valley side, it forms a:

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When a river tumbles at steep angles over very hard rocks or moves down a steep valley side, it forms a waterfall. Eg: The Niagara Falls.

A mass of mineral matter that makes up the earth is called a:

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A mass of mineral matter that makes up the earth is called a rock.

With a height of 4,000 to 6,000 metres above the sea level, the ____ Plateau is the highest in the world.

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With a height of 4,000 to 6,000 metres above sea level, the Tibet Plateau is the highest in the world.

The mouth of a volcano is known as

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The mouth of a volcano is known as crater.

The three layers of the earth from the surface to the centre constitute the:

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The three layers of the earth from the surface to the centre constitute the interior of the earth.

Landscape is continuously worn away by:

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Landscape is continuously worn away by two processes - weathering and erosion.

The surface that rises higher than the surrounding area is called a ____.

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The surface that rises higher than the surrounding area is called a hill.

The crust also has ocean floors, and the oceanic crust consists of sima, which is made up of:

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The crust also has ocean floors, and the oceanic crust, called sima, consists of silica and magnesium.

Chains of mountains together are known as ____.

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Chain of mountains together are known as mountain ranges.

The ____ processes are carried out by running water, ice and wind.

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The internal and external processes are carried out by running water, ice and wind.

The main mineral of continental mass is called sial, and consists of:

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The main mineral of continental mass is called sial, and consists of silicon and aluminium.

Sudden movement of the lithosphere which causes mass destruction

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Sudden movement of the lithosphere which causes mass destruction are earthquake and volcano.

A person who studies soils is called a:

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A person who studies soils is called a pedologist.

The second layer of the earth is called the:

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The second layer of the earth is called the mantle.

Intrusive and extrusive rocks are types of ____ rocks.

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Intrusive and extrusive rocks are two types of igneous rocks.

Large stretches of flat land are called ____.

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Large stretches of flat land are called plains.

Plains are not more than ____ metres above sea level.

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Plains are not more than 200 metres above sea level.

Many mining areas are found in the ____.

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Many mining areas are found in the plateaus.

Running water is responsible for:

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Running water is responsible for the weathering of rocks as well as soil erosion.

ICSE Class 9th Geography 2 - Structure of the Earth MCQs
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