# CBSE Class 11th Math 13 – Limits and Derivatives MCQs

#### The number of points in (1, 2) where f(x) = a[x2],a > 1 is not differentiable is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Let g(x) = x2. Then, this is an increasing function. g(1) = 1 and g(2) = 4 [g(x)] = [x2] is discontinuous at x = 2,3 f(x) is not differentiable at 2 points, viz. (1, 2)

#### In the curve y2 = x3, the slope of the tangent at (4, 8) is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

y2 = x3 Differentiating w.r.t x 2y dy/dx = 3 x2 ⇒ dy/dx = 3 x2/2y We know that the slope of the curve is given by the derivative at the point. The slope of the curve at (4, 8) is given by: (dydx)(4,8) = 3(42)/2(8) = 3

#### If y = tan x + sec x, then d2y/dx2 is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

y = tan x + sec x dy/dx = sec2x + sec xtan x=sec x(sec x+tan x) d2y/dx2 = sec x(sec xtan x+sec2x)+sec xtan x(sec x+tan x) =sec x(dy/dx) + tan x(dy/dx) = dy/dx (sec x+tan x)= (dy/dx)y

#### The point on the curve x2 + y2 - 2x + 1 = 0, at which the tangent is parallel to Y axis is given by ____.

Correct! Wrong!

On differentiating the given function, we get 2x + 2y(dy/dx) - 2 = 0 dy/dx = 1-x/y = the slope of the tangent This is parallel to Y - axis. But slope of Y - axis is infinity. Therefore, dy/dx = 1-x/y = ∞ y should be equal to 0. Substituting, y = 0 in the curve equation, we get x2 + 0 - 2x + 1 = 0 ⇒ (x + 1)2 = 0 The required point is (1, 0).

#### The displacement time relating to a speeding vehicle is given by D(t) = 5 t2- 3t + 30. Then, its speed at the end of 5 seconds is given by ____.

Correct! Wrong!

D(t) = 5 t2- 3t + 30 The first derivative of the displacement relation gives speed. Therefore, speed is D1 (t) = 10t – 3 Speed at the end of 5 sec is D1 (5) = 10 x 5 - 3 = 47 units/ second

#### If f(x) = ex log x, then f'(x) is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

f(x) = ex log x Applying the rule for product of two functions, f1 (x)= ex logx + ex /x But, f(x) = ex log x. ∴ f1 (x) = f(x) + ex /x

#### In a real number line, the neighbourhood of positive real number 'a' with a very small radius δ>0 will be ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Around a, the sphere with radius δ > 0 is called the neighborhood of a. But, on a real number line, the intersection will be an open interval with left extreme point being (a - δ) and right extreme point being (a + δ).

#### The deleted neighborhood of a is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

The neighborhood of 'a' is an open interval (a - δ, a + δ). The deleted neighborhood in which 'a' doesn't occur is the open interval (a - δ, a + δ) from which 'a' is taken away, i.e. (a - δ, a + δ) - {a}

#### The displacement of a particle describing a non - linear motion is given by s = (1/6) t3 - 8t. Then, the acceleration at the time when velocity vanishes is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

s = (1/6) t3 -8t Then, the velocity is given by the first derivative ds/dt = (3/6) t2-8=0 ⇒(1/2) t2 – 8 = 0 ⇒ t2 = 16 Derivative of velocity is acceleration. Acceleration at t = 4 seconds is (dv/dt)t = 4 = (2/2) t = 4units / s2

#### If y = 2 sin 3x cos x, then d20y/dx20 is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

We know that sinC + sinD = 2 × sin(C+D)/2 × cos(C−D)/2 Therefore, 2sin 3x cos x can be written as sin 4x + sin 2x y = sin 4x + sin 2x y1 = 4 cos 4x + 2 cos 2x y2 = -16 sin 4x - 4 sin 2x y3 = -64 cos 4x - 8 cos 2x y4 = 256 sin 4x + 16 sin 2x y4 = 28 sin 4x + 24sin 2x So, generalizing we get d20y/dx20 = y20 y20 = 240sin4x+220sin2x

#### The slope of the normal at the point θ=π/4 of the curve sin θ - cos θ is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

The slope of the tangent at the given point is given by the derivative of the function at that point. The tangent and normal are perpendicular to each other. Therefore, the slope of the normal is given by the negative reciprocal of the derivative of the function at that point. y= sin θ - cos θ dy /dθ = cosθ + sinθ dy/dθ atπ/4 = cosπ/4 + sinπ/4 dy/dθ atπ/4=1/2 + 1/2 = 2 Slope of the normal = -1/(dy/dθ) atπ/4 = -1/2

#### If f(x) = emx + enx, then the second derivative f'(x) is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

f(x) = emx + enx f'(x) = memx + nenx f''(x) = m2emx + n2enx

#### If y = x2 sin 2x, then the first derivative is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

y = x2 sin 2x dy/dx = x2cos 2x 2x + sin 2x 2x dy/dx = 2x(x cos 2x + sin 2x)

#### The derivative of f(x) = |x| at x = 0 is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

f(x) = x, x ≥ 0 f(x) = - x, x < 0 Left hand derivative = - 1 and Right hand derivative = 1 LHD ≠ RHD Therefore, derivative at x = 0 does not exist.

#### The degree of a polynomial function is 5. Then, the degree of it's third derivative is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

If y = xn, then, the first derivative is of power n - 1, second derivative is of power n - 2, third derivative is of powre n - 3 and so on. In the given statement, n = 5, therefore, the third derivative is (5 -3) = 2.

#### If fx = 1 + x + x2/2+x3/3, then f' (x) is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

fx = 1 + x + x2/2 + x3/3 f1 (x) = 1+ x + x2

#### The limit of a function exists only if the left hand limit and the right hand limit coincide with each other.

Correct! Wrong!

The limit of a function exists only if the left hand limit and the right hand limit coincide with each other.

#### The mathematical expression x → a means ____.

Correct! Wrong!

The expression means the variable is approaching a. Consider the variable x → 2. x can reach 2 from 1.9, 1.99, 1.9999,etc. or it can reach from 2.1, 2.01, 2.001,................. Therefore, x ≠ 2.

#### The ratio of the rate of change of area and the rate of change of radius with respect to given circle is ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Given, A = πr2 dA/dt = 2πr dr/dt ⇒ (dA/dt) / (dr/dt) = 2πr = Perimeter of the circle

#### The differential of (sin x + cos x)2is

Correct! Wrong!

(sin x + cos x)2 = cos2 x + sin2 x + 2sin x cos x = 1 + sin 2x The differential of 1 + sin 2x = 2cos 2x, since differential of 1 (a constant) is 0.

CBSE Class 11th Math 13 - Limits and Derivatives MCQs
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