Apart from territorial expansion, what played a vital role in creating nation states?
Culture played an important role in creating the idea of a nation. Art, poetry, literature and music helped express and shape nationalist feelings.
One significant feature of the Balkan states was:
The Balkan states were fiercely jealous of each other, and hoped to gain more territory at the expense of the others.
Marriane was a(n) ____ allegory.
Female allegories were invented by artists in the 19th century to represent a nation. In France, she was rechristened Marriane, a popular Christian name that underlined the idea of a people’s nation.
In what year were barricades created around Paris?
Barricades were created around Paris in 1848 when widespread unemployment brought the population of Paris onto the roads in revolt.
Which treaty recognised Greece as an independent nation?
The Greek War of Independence paved the way for Greece gaining independence through the Treaty of Constantinople in 1832.
The Silesian weavers revolted against the ____ contractors.
Cotton weaving was the most widespread occupation in Silesia. The weavers revolted because the cotton contractors reduced their payments drastically.
Johann Gottfried Herder felt that through a revival of folklore, the true spirit of the nation (Bolksgeist) could be popularised.
‘A government or a system of rule that has no restraints on the power exercised’ is what the word means. The word is:
Absolutism is a system of government that has unlimited powers, and refers to a monarchical form of government that is centralised, militarised and repressive.
The period between 1859 and 1870 in Europe was the period for the unification of:
Italy had a long history of political fragmentation. However, between 1859 and 1870, with the help of Garibaldi and other revolutionaries, Italy became a nation state.
Name a renowned artist of the Romantic period from among the following:
The French painter Delacroix was one of the most important French Romantic painters. The Massacre at Chios was painted by him to create sympathy for the Greeks.
During the middle of 19th century, Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by the:
During the middle of 19th century, Sardinia-Piedmont was one of the seven states of Italy and the only state to be ruled by an Italian princely house.
Which of these countries attended the Congress of Vienna?
The Congress of Vienna was attended by the European countries of Russia, Britain, Prussia and Austria.
Where was the first painting of Germania meant to hang?
Phillip Viet made the first painting of Germania on a cotton banner, and it was meant to hang from the ceiling of the Church of St. Paul.
"The Napoleonic Code destroyed administration in France, but brought incredible reforms in its democracy." Is this statement:
When Napoleon returned to monarchy, he destroyed democracy in France, but introduced revolutionary principles in administration.
In which country did the Storming of the Bastille took place?
The Storming of the Bastille took place in France on July 14, 1789.
The Napoleonic Wars began when Napoleon invaded Italy in:
Napoleon wanted to conquer the entire Europe. That is why he began waging wars with all the European kingdoms, and invaded Italy in 1797.
Louis Otto Peters was a political activist who founded:
Louis Otto Peters was a political activist who founded a women’s journal and a feminist political association.
The characteristics of Marianne were:
The characteristics of Marianne were drawn from those of liberty and the republic, and symbolized national unity.
Politically, liberalism refers to:
Politically, liberalism refers to a representative government, and also stresses the need for a constitution.
The Balkans area was the root cause for:
The Balkans was very jealous of one and other, and each hoped to gain more territory at the expense of the others. Matters got further complicated because this turned into a big power rivalry. Powers like Russia, Germany, England and Austria-Hungary were keen to extend their control over this area. This led to a series of wars, and finally World War I.
The Frankfurt Parliament was convened in:
The Frankfurt Parliament was the first step towards German unification, and hence, it was convened in the Church of St. Paul.
The native language of Scotland was:
Scottish Gaelic, a descendant of the Goidelic branch of Celtic and closely related to Irish, is the traditional language of the Scotti or Gaels, and became the historical language of the majority of Scotland after it replaced Cumbric, Pictish and Old Norse.
The large land owners of Prussia were called:
The large land owners of Prussia were called junkers, who supported the military and the monarchy to repress the nation-building initiatives of the liberals.
Frederic Sorrieu’s Utopian vision was:
The ideal vision of a society through the eyes of Frederic Sorrieu was all the men and women of the world grouped together as distinct nations, and identified through their flags and costumes. The other options describe his paintings, not his vision.
A blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales represents:
Justice is represented as a blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales. It symbolizes that all are equal before the law, and the blindfold depicts that justice should be delivered unbiased.
Who said: “When France sneezes, the rest of the world catches a cold”?
Metternich once remarked, “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold,” because when the July Revolution broke out in France in 1830, it soon sparked an uprising in Brussels, leading to the disintegration of Belgium from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity moved many minds.
Who was responsible for the unification of Germany in 1871?
Otto van Bismarck was the architect of the 1871 unification of Germany. He was the Chief Minister of Prussia, and carried out his processes with the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy.
The colours of the German flag as decpited in Sorrieu's painting are:
Black, red and gold were the colours that were used in the German flag in Sorrieu’s painting. This flag was used as a protest against the conservative order established after Napoleon’s defeat. The red symbolises the Hanseatic League, while the gold and black represent Austria.
If western Europe had the bulk of its land farmed by tenants and small owners, then what was the case with eastern and central Europe?
During mid-eighteenth-century the majority of the population was made up of the peasantry. Eastern and central Europe had land holding characterised by vast estates and cultivated by the serfs.
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