3. Water resources MCQs

What is the present primary water problem concerned to India?

Correct! Wrong!

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Over exploitation and mismanagement of water resources is the present primary water problem concerned to India.

The total renewable water resources of India are estimated at ____ square kilometres.

Correct! Wrong!

The total renewable water resources of India are estimated at 1,897 square kilometers.

Due to heavy downpour, life gets paralysed and sometimes causes floods, leading to the disruption of traffic in the city of ____.

Correct! Wrong!

In the city of Kolkata, as a result of heavy downpour, there are sometimes floods, leading to the disruption of city life and traffic.

“Are we the only ones chosen to make sacrifices for the nation?” Who are ‘we’?

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The ‘we’ refers to the people displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Dam project. They generally accept suffering for the sake of the nation, but at the same time need to be rehabilitated and employed.

Which village in Mysore has earned the rare distinction of being rich in rain water?

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Gendathur was never popular, but has earned a lot of fame due to the practice of rainwater harvesting widely practised there.

The practice of rooftop rainwater harvesting is declining in ____.

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The practice of rooftop rainwater harvesting is declining in Rajasthan since the people in Rajasthan are meeting their water needs from the Indira Gandhi Canal.

Agricultural fields converted into rain-fed storage structures are called ____ in Jaisalmer.

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Agricultural fields converted into rain-fed storage structures are called Khadins in Jaisalmer and Johads in other parts of Rajasthan.

In which state is bamboo drip irrigation system widely practiced?

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Bamboo drip irrigation system is practiced in Meghalaya, and is a wise method of using rainwater.

The famous woman activist involved in the Narmada Bachao Andolan is ____.

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Medha Patkar is the famous woman activist deeply involved in the ‘Narmada Bachao Andolan’ or the ‘Save Narmada Movement’.

Which is the first and only state in India that has made rainwater harvesting compulsory?

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Tamil Nadu is the first and only state that has made rainwater harvesting compulsory. There are penalties for not practicing this technique.

Water stress occurs when the availability of water is less than ____.

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According to Falken Mark, a Swedish expert, water stress occurs when the availability of water is less than 1,000 cubic metres per person per day.

It is estmated that there will be absolute water scarcity in large parts of India by ____.

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It is estimated that there will be absolute water scarcity in large parts of India by the year 2025.

In the 1st century BC, sophisticated hydraulic structures were built in ____.

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In the 1st century BC, sophisticated hydraulic structures were built in Sringaverapura near Allahabad to channel the flood waters of the Ganga.

What lead to falling groundwater levels in agricultural irrigation farming?

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Increase in own wells and tube-wells in the farms for irrigation lead to falling groundwater levels in agricultural irrigation farming.

The cause of the Krishna-Godavari dispute is the objection raised by the governments of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh over the diversion of "excess" water at____ .

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The cause of the Krishna-Godavari dispute is the objection raised by the governments of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh over what they say is the the diversion of excess water at Koyna by the Government of Maharashtra for a multi-purpose project. They say this would hamper the downstream flow in their states with adverse consequences for agriculture and industry.

What is the water problem other than Quantitative aspects of water scarcity?

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Quality or purity of water is the water problem other than Quantitative aspects of water scarcity.

Three-fourths of the earth is occupied by water. Out of this, the percentage of freshwater is ____.

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Three-fourths of the earth is covered by water. Out of this, only 2.5 per cent is fresh water, and is found in rivers, springs, etc.

The Hirakud Dam is located on the river ____.

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The Hirakud Dam is located on the river Mahanadi in Orissa.

Who described dams as the “temples of modern India"?

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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru proudly described dams as the “temples of modern India,” and considered them essential for the country's development.

Droughts and floods are____.

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Droughts and floods are unevenly spread all over India; for example, some areas suffer from floods and some from droughts, while some areas don’t experience either of them.

Which river brings sorrow and despair to Bengal?

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The river Damodar brings floods and loss of life to Bengal, and is called the 'Sorrow of Bengal’ or the 'River of Sorrow.’

One of the largest artificial lakes of India in the 11th century was the ____.

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One of the largest artificial lakes of India in the 11th century was the Bhopal Lake in Bhopal, used for various purposes.

Which of the following rivers does not drain into the Arabian Sea?

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Narmada and Tapi rivers join into the Arabian Sea through India, and the Indus through Pakistan.

The Ganga Action Plan was implemented in the year ____.

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The Ganga Action Plan was initiated in the year 1985, and was implemented to rid the river Ganga of dead bodies that were dropped into it.

The tank in Hauz Khas at Delhi was built by ____.

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Iltutmish constructed the tank in Hauz Khas at Delhi in the 14th century for providing water to the Siri Fort area.

From which of the following, Fresh water is obtained from ____.

Correct! Wrong!

Fresh water is obtained from precipitation.

India ranks ____ in terms of availability of water per person per annum.