What was the ultimatum or threat from the participants of the land reforms movement in Indonesia?

Correct! Wrong!

In 2004 in Indonesia, the participants of the land reforms movement threatened that if they were not returned their land, they would abstain from voting in the presidential election.

Which of these reforms were implemented in Java and Indonesia in 2004?

Correct! Wrong!

In 2004 land reforms were implemented in Java and Indonesia, which aimed at a number of benefits like higher crop production, better nutrition and social status of the poor rural households. This movement laid the foundation for sustained and inclusive economic growth and also reduced social unrest and instability.

Who are involved in the deepening or expansion of democracy?

Correct! Wrong!

Conflicts between pressure groups and their movements result in the deepening or expansion of democracy.

The Green Belt Movement in Kenya was initiated by:

Correct! Wrong!

Wangari Maathai initiated the Green Belt Movement in Kenya, which was associated with the plantation of 30 million trees.

The movement launched for the rehabilitation of displaced villagers of the Sardar Sarovar Dam Project is called:

Correct! Wrong!

The Narmada Bachao Andolan has been launched for the rehabilitation of villagers displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Dam project.

Organisations that promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers and lawyers are known as:

Correct! Wrong!

Organisations that promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers and lawyers are known as sectional interest groups.

Which special feature distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?

Correct! Wrong!

The special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party is that pressure groups do not have any political ambition, whereas political parties always aim for power. Pressure groups exert pressure on the existing government to give up its stringent measures and listen to the public demand. These people come from all walks of life.

What movement was launched by the people against the decision of the government to give 30,000 hectares of land to the paper industry in Karnataka?

Correct! Wrong!

The Kitticko-Hachchiko movement was launched by the people against the decision of the government to give 30,000 hectares of land for the paper industry in Karnataka.

What was the result of the Assam movement led by students?

Correct! Wrong!

The Assam movement led by students was against foreigners. When it came to an end, it led to the formation of the Asom Gana Parishd.

Which of these is a long-term movement?

Correct! Wrong!

The women's movement demanding 33 per cent reservation in the legislatures has been going on for a long time.

Which dam is being constructed on the Narmada river?

Correct! Wrong!

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is being constructed on the Narmada river. The construction of this dam is expected to eradicate the problem of drinking water in several areas of Gujarat, but will also cause several villages to be uprooted.

Pressure groups are also known as:

Correct! Wrong!

Pressure groups are also known as public-interest groups and promotional groups.

What does the term ‘Kitticko-Hachchiko’ mean?

Correct! Wrong!

The term ‘Kitticko-Hachchiko’ means pluck and plant. The people of Karnataka plucked the eucalyptus trees and planted other trees that would be useful for them.

What kind of trees were planted on the land given by the government for the paper industry in Karnataka?

Correct! Wrong!

Eucalyptus trees were planted on the land given by the government for the paper industry in Karnataka. The wood pulp for making paper is obtained from eucalyptus trees.

What type of movement is the Narmada Bachao Andolan?

Correct! Wrong!

The Narmada Bachao Andolan is an example of a single-issue movement. This movement aims only at the rehabilitation of villagers who would be uprooted as a result of the construction of the Sardar Sarovar Dam.

Democracy has always been achieved by:

Correct! Wrong!

It is a historical fact that the strong try to rule the weak. However, with the help of popular revolts and protests, the ruling class is forced to abandon its autocratic ways and establish the rule of the people, that is, democracy.

Which company was established in 1984 in Karnataka to encourage the paper industry?

Correct! Wrong!

Karnataka Pulpwood Limited was established in 1984 in Karnataka to encourage the paper industry.

Democratic conflict is resolved through:

Correct! Wrong!

Democratic conflict is resolved through mass mobilisation.

Sometimes the group that acts as an extended arm of a political party is known as a(n):

Correct! Wrong!

Sometimes a pressure group acts as an extended arm of a political party.

What was the aim of Nepal's popular struggle in 2006?

Correct! Wrong!

Nepal witnessed an extraordinary popular struggle to restore democracy in 2006.

The environmental movement can also be called a:

Correct! Wrong!

The environmental movement can also be called a single-issue movement. This type of movement aims at a specific issue.

What is the aim of the Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation (BAMCEF)?

Correct! Wrong!

The Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation (BAMCEF) is an organisation of educated employees of the oppressed and exploited communities, which aims to end caste discrimination in Indian society.

What is the difference between political parties and pressure groups?

Correct! Wrong!

Pressure groups never contest elections. They only attempt to remove oppressive measures, whereas political parties are interested in getting power through elections.

When was the Kitticko-Hachchiko movement launched in Karnataka?

Correct! Wrong!

It was in 1987 that the Kitticko-Hachchiko movement was launched by villagers in Karnataka.

What are pressure groups?

Correct! Wrong!

Pressure groups are organizations that attempt to influence government policies. These groups have a common objective. They gather support from all sections of society to exert pressure on the existing government to listen to the public demand regarding any particular issue.

What was the purpose of the Kitticko-Hachchiko movement in Karnataka?

Correct! Wrong!

The purpose of the Kitticko-Hachchiko movement was to plant trees useful for the common people. In this movement, people sought to pluck eucalyptus trees and plant other trees that would be useful to them.

How much land was allotted for the paper industry in Karnataka?

Correct! Wrong!

About 30,000 hectares of land was allotted for the paper industry in Karnataka.

Who is the leader of the Narmada Bachao Andolan?

Correct! Wrong!

Medha Patkar is the leader of the Narmada Bachao Andolan. She has spent a major part of her life fighting for the rehabilitation of the villagers.

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