Which state was earlier known as the Central Provinces?

Correct! Wrong!

Madhya Pradesh was earlier known as the Central Provinces. Many new states were created and renamed depending upon the culture, ethnicity and geography of an area. Madhya Pradesh got its name because of its location at the centre of India.

Point out a difference between the federal structures in India and Belgium.

Correct! Wrong!

Belgium has four levels of government, while India has only three. Belgium has a central government, provincial governments, local governments, and a community government. India does not have a community government.

Which of these is not a function of a Gram Sabha?

Correct! Wrong!

Supervising the work of the Zilla Parishad is not a function of a Gram Sabha. The Zilla Parishad is the supreme authority in a district.

Where has an experiment regarding decentralisation and participative democracy taken place?

Correct! Wrong!

An experiment regarding decentralization and participative democracy has taken place in Brazil. The experiment was a huge success in the city of Porto Alegre, where around 20,000 people take part in policy-making every year.

Punjab was earlier a part of which of these provinces?

Correct! Wrong!

Punjab was earlier a part of the North-West Frontier Province. Many new states were created and renamed depending upon the culture, ethnicity and geography of an area. A major part of the North-West Frontier Province went to Pakistan at the time of the Partition.

What are the official languages of India?

Correct! Wrong!

Hindi and English are the official languages of India. These languages were selected for the benefit of both, the Hindi and non-Hindi speaking population of our country. This gesture portrays the flexibility of the Indian Constitution.

Which of these countries have federal governments?

Correct! Wrong!

The USA, Australia, Canada and India have federal governments.

What type of distribution of powers does the Indian Constitution provide for?

Correct! Wrong!

The Indian Constitution provides for a three-fold distribution of legislative powers, among the Union government, the state governments, and the local self-government bodies.

Which of these languages is not included in the list of Scheduled Languages?

Correct! Wrong!

Tulu is the language spoken by the southwest part of Karnataka, not included in the list of the Scheduled Languages.

In a federal structure, the day-to-day administration of a country is looked after by:

Correct! Wrong!

In a federal structure, the day-to-day administration of a country is looked after by the states or the provinces. This makes administration easy and efficient.

Which amendment deals with the changes in the provisions of the Indian Constitution regarding local governments?

Correct! Wrong!

The 73rd amendment deals with the changes in the provisions of the Indian Constitution regarding local governments. This was done to make the functioning of the local units more efficient.

Who declared India as a union of states?

Correct! Wrong!

The Constitution of India declared India as a union of states.

Which of these features applies to a unitary government?

Correct! Wrong!

In a unitary government, a single government controls power. The concentration of power in a single authority is a specific characteristic of a unitary government.

A mayor is:

Correct! Wrong!

A mayor is the elected chairman of a municipal corporation.

Which of these pairs is wrong?

Correct! Wrong!

The pairs are new states and the state that they were carved out of, except for the last one.

The State List in India consists of ____ subjects.

Correct! Wrong!

The State List in India consists of 66 subjects. It includes subjects of state and local importance.

In decentralisation:

Correct! Wrong!

In decentralization, power is given to the local governments. This is done to reduce the burden on the Central government and the state governments.

How many levels are there in the federal form of government?

Correct! Wrong!

There are two levels in the federal form of government – the centre and the states.

Which of these statements is true about the unitary system of government?

Correct! Wrong!

In a unitary government, there is only one level of government with subordinate sub-units.

Who conducts the Panchyati elections?

Correct! Wrong!

The State Election Commission conducts the Panchyati elections. This responsibility was given to the State Election Commission to ensure fair and free elections

Which of these states were created on the basis of culture, ethnicity and geography?

Correct! Wrong!

Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh were created on the basis of culture, ethnicity and geography. It was in national interest, as their diversity was disturbing national peace.

How many languages, does the Indian Constitution recognize as Scheduled Languages?

Correct! Wrong!

The Indian Constitution recognizes 22 languages, including Hindi as Scheduled Languages. The Constitution does not grant the status of national language to any particular language.

In federalism, power is divided between:

Correct! Wrong!

In federalism, power is divided between a central authority and its constituent units. This is done to make administration easy.

The highest tier of Panchyati Raj is the:

Correct! Wrong!

The highest tier of Panchyati Raj is the Zilla Parishad. It is the supreme authority in a district.

The Union List in India consists of ____ subjects.

Correct! Wrong!

The Union List in India consists of 97 subjects. It includes subjects of national importance.

What is the third tier of federalism?

Correct! Wrong!

The third tier of federalism consists of local self-government bodies like panchayats and municipalities.

In a unitary government, there is:

Correct! Wrong!

There is no division of administrative powers in a unitary government. The concentration of power in a single authority is a specific feature of a unitary government.

How many countries in the world have adopted the federal form of government?

Correct! Wrong!

The federal form of government has been adopted by 25 countries in the world.

When were the regional governments of Belgium given constitutional powers?

Correct! Wrong!

The regional governments of Belgium were given constitutional powers in 1993. This was done to achieve peace over the division of power and to satisfy various regional groups.

Police, agriculture, and trade and commerce come under the ____ List.

Correct! Wrong!

Police, agriculture, and trade and commerce come under the state list.

Chapter 2
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