Physical Features of India – Notes
It has been formed over several geological periods.
According to the theory of Plate Tectonics, the earth’s crust was formed out of seven major and some minor plates.
Tectonic plates are classified into:
- Convergent boundary
- Divergent boundary
- Transform boundary
Gondwanaland originally consisted of Asia, Africa, South America and Australia all joined together.
The Himalayas were formed by the collision of the Indian plate with the Eurasian plate. This collision also created the Northern Plains.
The oldest physical feature of India is the Peninsular Plateau.