Working of Institutions – Notes
Working of Institutions – Major Policy Decisions
There are three important institutions involved in major decisions, the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary.
The legislature makes the laws, the executive implements them, and the judiciary resolves any disputes that may arise out of major policy decisions.
Based on the Mandal Commission recommendations, a government order announces that 27 percent of vacancies in government jobs would be reserved for socially and Economically Backward Classes.
Citizens opposed this order stating that it was biased and denied equal opportunity to deserving candidates.
Parliament and its Two Houses
The parliament is the national assembly of elected representatives of the people.
The Parliament can make and changes laws control how money is spent, and decides national issues.
The Parliaments includes the Rajya Sabha (the council of states), and the Lok Sabha (the House of the people).
The Parliament can have 802 members.